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Carpet

Carpet

You missed in any Moroccan household. Even in the nomadic tents of the Berbers, they are used as a seat and as a blanket on cool nights.

In simpler houses can be seen often only tube mats were made on the wool pattern. Kelmis- Woven carpets (among the Berbers are they called Hambel), in addition to the ornamental designs often figures are woven, is found mainly among the Berbers. But they also occur in urban households.

Most often you meet knotted. They serve as floor or wall decoration. How old is the art of carpet weaving is not known. The Calamine are sure older. Are traditionally the carpets Berber women (and children). It will be linked to the so-called "Turkish knot" loose, deep-pile carpets made from sheep's wool. Natural colored wool is black or off-white. Red is obtained from the leaves of henna and from scale insects, blue from the vegetable dye indigo. Yellow is obtained from the boiled onion and lemon peels or from the saffron root. In order to achieve green hues, for a long time aniline dyes are used.

The carpet ornaments are very diverse. Are often used Rautengitter- pattern. The decor consists of unconnected, self-contained longitudinal or transverse stripes with diamonds or zigzag ribbons or interconnected Rechteckekketten. In many carpets, especially in the wedding carpets, which serve as Aussteuergut, stories are presented from the daily life of a family and pictures of houses and animals incorporated into the individual ornaments, rare human figures.

Taditionelle Berber carpets, in contrast to Asian Oriental carpets never a final border, framing the carpet. Only at the beginning of this century appeared on carpets with borders, on the basis of Asian styles.

The products sold in the cities rugs are made in the neighboring regions of strains, which traditionally had close trade relations exist, eg. As of the tribes of the Beni Nguild and Zayan Middle Atlas, or Zemmour in Rabat's Hinterland.

Prayer rugs are used only to pray and can not be identified by traditional Patterns.

Berber carpets seem to be matched in color to the mountains. Fawn and beige prefer Marmouchka- tribes in the High Atlas, the Beni Ouarain black, white and green. In the Oulad Besseba in the Haouz- level at Chichoua carpets with scattered patterns, stylized animals and humans are made in the colors Okker and red.

Very famous are the carpets of Glaoua from the High Atlas. The tribes of Ait Glaoua weave in colorful patterns, especially in orange, black, yellow, green and white. in the region of Ouarzazate blue, red and white are preferred.

The only carpet urban origin of Rabat carpet that the model has the oriental carpet.

According to legend, a stork has made a carpet scraps from Asia fall on a house in Rabat. Since then, they say, there are carpets in seven colors, similar to a garden, attached. The root is monochrome, red or rose the old carpets, blue, green or other colors in the modern. In addition, located in the center of the carpet a star motif surrounded by different colored borders with geometric and floral ornaments. Often used as a symbol of security and happiness or only as a commodity us sleep on the carpet plays an important role in Moroccan houses.

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