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Essaouira - patrimoine universel

 

Essaouira - universal heritage

In December 2001, the organization of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) included the medina of Essaouira in the prestigious list of sites that are the heritage of humanity. Fortress city, Essaouira, formerly Mogador, earned the title thanks to its many historical and heritage acquired: authentic architectural style, its ancient history (archaeological work has shown that the site was visited by Phoenicians and Romans), its harbor surrounded by ramparts, its Jewish quarter, a remnant of a long tradition of openness ... Towards the end of the 1st century BC, King Juba II of Mauritania opened the first dye houses made of shells Mogador. In the 11th century it became an important port serving all southern Morocco. These are the Portuguese, attracted by the high sugar production in Morocco in the early 16th century, which gave the name "Mogador" at bay. the current Medina did not emerge until 1765 when Sultan Mohammed ben Abdellah decided to build the largest port of his kingdom and entrusted a French architect Theodore Cornus, the realization of a new map according to a European city architecturelle design. The people of the city, discovering a plan for the first time, called "Tsouira" (picture), from there, the city, which was a long period of prosperity until the end of the 19th century, Essaouira was baptized.

This global recognition is not addressed only to the architectural and historical side of the city, but also a set of practices and specific lifestyles Essaouira is an exceptional place of peaceful coexistence between different religions and ethnic groups (Muslims Jews, Christians ...), a haven of peace and tolerance between men sharing humanist values that this cosmopolitan city has cultivated throughout its history.

People from different walks of the world have taken up residence in Essaouira; painters, musicians and writers have found the perfect place to create in this city which is an open-air museum, others have chosen to lead the riads / hotels they have restored and finesse thus giving their visitors the opportunity to enjoy quiet moments and conviviality in a unique atmosphere. Essaouira, "blue pearl of the Atlantic" gathered all the elements that make it a charming destination: its rich and varied cultural activity, its calm, beaches, islands (home to a pool of rare falcons) the kindness, hospitality and the simple lifestyle of its inhabitants ... not to mention the natural assets that abounds its hinterland among these strengths, the argan tree, a single tree in the world that adapts to local climatic conditions and which gives a result which is based manufactures argan oil known for its dietary and cosmetic benefits. In 1999, UNESCO has classified this tree as a universal heritage to be preserved and saved.